28. The sound of a musical instrument can be as little disengaged from the instrument itself as expressive singing can be separated from the sung melody that carries it. The sound a paino makes when played is not like singing and accompanying it by the paino, but like “singing with expression”, to use Wittgenstein’s phrase. There are not two objects here. Just as happiness is alive in the facial features of the one who gives it expression, the sound of a musical instrument is lodged in the instrument itself and is what irradiates the  person whose expressive playing ‘calls it forth’.


Paul Wittgenstein